(2014/9/9) IOM, UN과 연합해 포위된 이라크 지역에 물자 전달

Iraq - IOM Iraq on Sunday (7/9) joined a relief convoy bringing emergency supplies from Erbil in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to the formerly besieged town of Amerli.

IOM delivered 1,000 kits of non-food items to internally displaced people in the town, which is between Baghdad and Kirkuk. The convoy carried humanitarian aid provided by UNICEF, WFP and UNFPA.

Last week, Iraqi Kurdish fighters, Shiite militias and the US military joined forces to recover Amerli from Islamic State (IS) fighters.  During the two-month siege, IS cut off supplies, including food, water and medicine to more than 15,000 people in the area.

The IOM emergency relief cargo included household supplies and hygiene items. As part of the emergency relief package, IOM also transported 2,000 collapsible water containers, donated by the US Agency for International Development (USAID). IOM also brought in three water filter units for a health clinic.

“The USAID water containers being distributed to families in Amerli are just one part of the 60 metric tons of relief supplies we recently airlifted to Erbil for distribution by IOM,” said Al Dwyer, USAID’s Disaster Assistance Response Team Leader in Iraq.  “The remainder of the USAID supplies, including much-needed winterization materials, is being prepped by IOM for distribution to some of the most conflict-affected areas in Iraq.”

“The Amerli operation underlines the added value of prompt, coordinated action among humanitarian agencies, the UN and local authorities. Above all it illustrates our commitment to help these people who were in desperate need of life-saving aid in the aftermath of the siege,” says IOM Iraq Chief of Mission Thomas Lothar Weiss.

Through the first 8 months of 2014, over 1.7 million Iraqis have been displaced across Iraq, according to IOM’s latest Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).

The IOM report details the scope of Iraq’s internal chaos. Iraq’s Kurdistan region today holds 50 per cent of all displaced individuals – some 862,458 people. It identifies 1,634 specific locations where internally displaced persons are seeking aid, and what shelter and other aid is available to them.

For example, it notes that that all 650 schools in the northern city of Dahuk have now been converted into emergency shelters and that authorities have postponed the start of the school year there.

Among the donor nations funding the non-food relief that IOM is distributing are the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

For more information on IOM’s DTM, please go to www.iomiraq.net

For more information please contact

IOM Erbil

Susan Megy
Tel. +964 750 0166 072
Email: smegy@iom.int

or

Sandra Black
Tel. +964 750 0166 072
Email: sblack@iom.int

Posted on Tue, Sep-09-2014

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(2014/9/9) IOM, 중앙아프리카공화국에서 Cash-for-Work 실시

Central African Republic - The ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has brought the country’s economy to a near standstill. IOM is responding with support from the European Union (EU) by partnering with local communities to offer cash-for-work activities to help restart individual economic livelihoods in the capital of Bangui.

Cash-for-work teams perform various types of work, including cleaning rain gutters, markets and canals, waste management, and street and bridge repairs in Bangui’s first, third, and fifth districts.

Cash-for-work teams are composed of 750 people representing diverse ethnic, religious, and professional backgrounds. Half of the participants are women. Each team works for 10 days and each participant earns USD 50 at the end of the working period.

Esther, a cash-for-work beneficiary, started a small business selling donuts with the money she earned from the project. She shares her work space with two other cash-for-work beneficiaries, who all come from different ethnic and religious groups.

Esther said: “We thought it would be best if we rented this small place together. Now all of our families and friends visit us and buy our food. It is best for our business this way. I think we are a good example for the community. It is not necessary to fight in order for people to receive food. Hopefully the situation will continue to stabilize and more people will come to buy our food.”

IOM works closely with local authorities, under the guidance of the Ministry of Planning, to identify participants for the cash-for-work programme. Community meetings are held in each district to endorse clean-up projects to be undertaken, the community members who will participate, and the procedure for recruiting them. By engaging directly with local authorities, IOM intends to strengthen the relationships between local authorities and their constituents.

Some 5,050 people have participated in IOM cash-for-work projects since March and to date, cash-for-work teams have worked on over 35 infrastructure projects in the three districts.

One cash-for-work beneficiary, a former fighter with the anti-Balaka militia said: “I am here to work to bring peace back to my country. We want reconciliation. I have laid down my weapons and want to help re-establish the country along with others who have given up fighting. We don’t want anything bad anymore.”

IOM’s cash-for-work programme is part of the EU-funded Community Stabilization project. It began in March 2014 and will run for 18 months. The project has three components: cash for work, infrastructure projects in mixed communities, and the promotion of social cohesion among communities who have suffered extreme violence.

For more information please contact

IOM CAR

Anne Schaefer
Email: aschaefer@iom.int
Tel. +236 7218 7635

or

Giovanni Cassani
Email: gcassani@iom.int
Tel. +236 7218 7639

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(2014/9/5) IOM, 멕시코에서 이주자 수용센터 실무자 역량강화

Mexico - IOM and Mexico’s National Migration Institute (INM, by its Spanish acronym) have kicked off a two-week capacity-building training for a group of 36 INM officials to be deployed at migrant holding centers around the country.

The training programme, the second of its kind, aims to professionalize the staff working at migrant holding centers by complementing the experience they already have and by strengthening their strategic migration management skills. A third training is scheduled before the end of the year.

Participants have a variety of backgrounds and work experience and come from Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Jalisco, Michoacán, Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas.

Based on data from the Department of Migration Policy of the Mexican Ministry of Interior, between January and May 2014, a total of 43,863 migrants were registered in INM’s holding centers throughout the country.  Under the country’s Migration Law, these centers must offer medical services, shelter, food and sanitation, as well as legal services and security.

The 100 hours of training will help participants to gain a deeper understanding of strategic thematic areas including the legal framework for migration and the need to protect vulnerable groups, including victims of human trafficking and kidnapped migrants.

The aim is to professionalize staff working the migrant holding centers, which will translate into improved protection for migrants, human security and greater respect of their human rights.

Rogelio López Maya, Director of the INM’s Center for Evaluation and Trust Control, said: “At the end of the programme, officials will face the challenges of their work with better skills and with the profound ethical commitment that our professionals need.”

López Maya added that this programme will serve as a platform to promote the establishment of a National Academy for Capacity-Building on Migration operated by INM, guaranteeing sustainability of the skills acquired.

IOM Chief of Mission in Mexico Christopher Gascon highlighted the importance of international and inter-agency collaboration with partners including the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH), the National System for the Whole Development of the Family (DIF), UNHCR and UNICEF to build Mexico’s migration management capacity.

“This programme prepares officials facing multiple migration challenges at this time and is providing them with the essential tools to protect the most vulnerable migrants,” he said.

For more information, please contact

Claudette Walls
IOM México
Email: cwalls@iom.int 
Tel: +52 55 55 36 39 22

Posted on Tue, Sep-09-2014

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(2014/9/5) IOM, 리비아 무력사태로 이재민 치안 우려

Libya - IOM Libya is monitoring the growing insecurity of some 200,000 overseas migrants living and working in Tripoli, Misrata and Benghazi. They include some 7,000 individuals IOM categorizes as “vulnerable migrants” in urgent need of evacuation assistance.

Nearly 150,000 Tripoli residents made homeless by two months of ever-intensifying conflict – almost 31,000 families – have fled the city, according to the local authorities.

“The situation is difficult and evacuations are risky, but we are committed to do our utmost to help migrants living in appalling conditions in Tripoli immigration detention centers or displaced by the fighting with no food, water or sanitation,” said Othman Belbeisi, IOM Chief of Mission in Libya.

“If we don’t help those who want to return home safely, many may risk boarding unsafe boats in the hope of reaching the security of Italy,” he notes.

As Libya’s security deteriorates, IOM continues to field telephone calls from individual migrants wanting to return to their countries of origin and foreign embassies seeking help to evacuate their citizens.

In the past week IOM has received an urgent request from Pakistan’s embassy to help rescue as many as 2,000 Pakistani nationals from embattled areas of Tripoli and Benghazi and to organize their safe return to Pakistan.

According to Belbeisi, immigration detention centers in the north of the country have also either closed or migrants have been released in recent weeks due to acute shortages of supplies.

Some of the migrants are being moved to centers further south. Others feel they have little option but to join a tide of migrants including refugees, seeking to leave Libya by sea, a route that has become increasingly perilous since the latest fighting broke out.

Since Libya’s latest crisis started in mid-July, IOM has repatriated 125 migrants from Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Côte d’Ivoire via Tunisia. It is presently working to arrange the evacuation of 30 Yemeni laborers seeking safe passage from Tripoli.

IOM this past Sunday successfully evacuated from Tripoli 12 women from Ethiopia and Cote d’Ivoire to Tunisia. The women were living without basic assistance – food, water, psychological support – in immigration detention centers in Libya’s capital.

Through the month of August IOM monitors say at least 6,000 Egyptian nationals have also fled Libya through the country’s borders with Egypt and Tunisia. Nonetheless, IOM estimates up to one million Egyptians remain in Libya.

Despite the difficult circumstances, IOM intends to continue evacuation operations for as long as it can.

Sky-rocketing food prices, severe power cuts, fuel shortages and difficulty in purchasing basic goods and services may limit all relief agencies’ efforts in the field, IOM’s Chief of Mission warns.

“This security situation has an impact on our capacity to deliver assistance. Our staff in Tripoli can no longer move freely, but are doing all they can to help migrants in dire need of assistance,” he says.

For more information, please contact

Othman Belbeisi
IOM Libya
Email: obelbeisi@iom.int

Posted on Fri, Sep-05-2014

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(2014/9/5) 콜롬비아 ‘사슬에 묶인 휴먼트래피킹 피해자’ 비디오, YouTube에서 퍼지는 중

Colombia - Three cities, nine cameras and a team of professional actors have joined forces to alert Colombians to the growing scourge of people trafficking in their country.

Human trafficking – principally for the sex trade – is second only to narcotics and arms-dealing among profitable illegal activities in the South American nation, according to the Colombian authorities.

“Working together in a chain reaction against trafficking in persons” is the name of the new campaign developed by IOM, in partnership with Colombia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Chain Reaction” is designed to challenge pedestrians at busy intersections in the cities of Bogotá, Cali and Pereira with the specter of a fellow Colombian in danger.

“What we did was to chain up a person in various public spaces across the country, to see how the people around would react. Would they help? Would they ignore it? Would they form a chain reaction of assistance to free the person?” explains Ambassador Javier Higuera, the Foreign Ministry’s director of Migration, Consular and Citizen Service division.

The results were surprising and poignant, he says. Chained to their spots, as if “captured” on an imaginary journey under the control of criminal traffickers, actors were trained to sit silently until passers-by intervened. In others they, pulled at their chains and expressed anguish.

“We didn’t know what was going to happen,” said programme manager Ana Maria Caldas. “We had the cooperation of the police, but the situation was pretty uncertain. Once an actress or actor was chained up in public, they were at the mercy of peoples’ reactions.”

Cameras recording those reactions showed indifference was an all-too-common response. But the longer the “victims” remained chained to their spots, the more citizens stepped up to offer assistance.

Recordings also revealed that sympathy was contagious. “As soon as one person reacted positively, other people nearby came forward and asked if they could help too,” said Ambassador Higuera.

Colombian nationals who are trafficking victims overwhelmingly are bound for foreign destinations – 96 per cent according to data gathered by IOM Colombia’s Combatting Trafficking in Persons programme – with the rest trafficked within the county. Ecuador, Argentina and China are the main destination countries for Colombian victims.

Since 2003, IOM Colombia has collaborated with several publicity campaigns to prevent, inform and provide assistance to victims. In the last three years, it has helped 133 Colombians trafficked abroad to return from different parts of the world.

According to IOM Colombia Chief of Mission Alejandro Guidi, most trafficking victims are women – the majority victims of sexual exploitation. Others are victims of exploitative forced labour. Under-reporting of the crime means that many more victims remain hidden and do not receive the help they deserve, he explains.

“The scope of the deception of the networks is so credible that the victims who travel with the traffickers are usually blind to it,” agrees María Angela Holguín of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The campaign launched on August 27th and the video quickly went viral, drawing 13,000 viewers in the first two days. “This is a new experiment and it makes us reflect on how to create these chains or connections to be able to react together and prevent those close to us from falling into a trafficking network,” says Guidi.

The video can be watched and promoted at the following link, Video: Campaña – Encadenados en lugares públicos (Reaccionemos en cadena), using the hashtag #ReaccionemosEnCadena.

See also the behind the scenes video: Video: Detrás de cámaras – Ante la trata de personas, reaccionemos en cadena

For more information, please contact

Alejandro Guidi
IOM Colombia
Email: aguidi@iom.int

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